At Cleveland Elementary School we believe that behavior is taught and learned, just like academics. With PBIS we teach, model and reinforce the behavior we expect.
Tier 1 of the PBIS system has four components:
- Behavior Matrix: Clear behavior expectations identified for each school area and setting. This goes beyond “rules” and really describes what expected behavior “looks like”.
- Cool Tools: Lesson plans used to teach students the behavior expectations
- PAWS slips: An acknowledgment/reinforcement system used to celebrate student successes in demonstrating the behavior expectations
- Office Discipline Referral (ODR): A form used to document and communicate with parents when students choose not to follow the behavior expectations
What you will find in the Behavior Matrix is what each of the expectations actually looks like in various places in the school and on school grounds. In a positive manner, the matrix tells children what to do and how to behave in order to demonstrate the expectations. Posters of the expectations are displayed in each of the areas around the school. Each classroom also has a classroom matrix for specific behavior expectations that teacher expects in his/her classroom. This includes music, PE, art, and library. It is our goal to make the understanding of the expectations as clear and easy for children as possible. Click here to see Cleveland’s Behavior Matrix.
One of the most important parts of the PBIS system is that the behavioral expectations are directly taught to students. This way, children know exactly what is expected of them and how to behave. Cool Tools are behavior lesson plans that are used to review the behavior expectations and to address problems that arise in certain settings, at certain times, or in certain grade levels. Cool tools are taught weekly in all classrooms and to the whole school at assembly. Click here to see a sample cool tool lesson plan.
Another important component of the PBIS system is the use of consistent positive acknowledgements to celebrate student successes in demonstrating the behavior expectations. The intention is to give clear, specific praise for positive behaviors. Acknowledging positive behaviors increases the likelihood that those positive behaviors will occur again and shapes student behavior to become increasingly more positive.
All staff members who observe children following the behavior expectations can issue a PAWS (positive attitudes will succeed) slip. Children can earn PAWS slips in all areas of the school and from all staff members.
PAWS are entered into a bin for weekly drawings for small incentives and prizes such as lunch with a friend, principal’s chair for a day, super balls, posters, etc. Students in grades 3-5 can also save their PAWS to use to “buy” things at the school store.
If an entire class is demonstrating a positive behavior, any staff member can award that class with a power paw! Power paws are a great way to acknowledge an entire class for doing the right thing! After a class earns 3 power paws, they earn a special song and dance and a class prize such as a small snack for everyone in the class.
Office Discipline Referral (ODR):
Cleveland staff makes every effort to teach and re-teach expected behaviors before giving students a disciplinary consequence for misbehavior. All staff teach students the expectations, provide pre-correction or reminders for the expected behaviors, and use the positive reinforcement system on a daily basis. When a student continues to choose not to follow the behavior expectations, an ODR is used as a communication tool for students and parents. Information from the ODR is entered into a data management system, which then allows staff to collect and track behavior data. Staff can use the data to be proactive in addressing problem behaviors, problem locations, problem times, and problems by grade level. ODR’s can be minor or major.
Minor referrals are used for documentation and communication with parents about minor behavior infractions. The consequence is usually re-teaching by the staff who wrote the referral and a conference with the student to make a plan for improvement. Minors do not involve the principal and are exactly as they are stated – Minor – parents can discuss the minor with their child and reinforce school expectations, but parents should not be overly concerned about a minor ODR.
Major referrals are used to document continued or more severe behavior infractions. Consequences for majors include talking to the principal and require an administrative decision. Along with re-teaching and parent contact, students may also lose a privilege or receive an ISS (in school suspension) or OSS (out of school suspension). Click here to view Cleveland’s ODR.