Language Arts and Reading


Early Childhood and Kindergarten


  • Organize and make sense of experiences through use of oral language.
  • Engage daily in meaningful reading and writing activities.
  • Read, write, speak and listen for pleasure and information.
  • Integrate language and reading into the content areas.

Observable Guidelines:

Reading and Writing
  • Recognizes: name, colors and shapes, upper and lower case letters, rhyming sounds and words, consonant sounds, and simple sight words
  • Begins to use story mapping
  • Retells stories
  • Makes circle stories and sequences events
  • Understands ‘concepts’ of print - (e.g. left-right-top-bottom, front-back)
  • Uses letter forms in writing (precommunicative) and letters that represent sounds (semiphonetic)
Listening and Speaking
  • Clearly expresses thought through small group/large group interactions
  • Predicts outcomes in stories
  • Retells stories
  • Discusses circle stories and sequences events orally
  • Uses background experiences to make predictions
How to Accomplish Goals
  • Songs, chants, rhymes, fingerplays
  • Big books
  • Journal writing
  • Use of fiction
  • Use of nonfiction
  • Shared readings
  • Creative drama/interpretation
  • Harcourt ‘Trophies’ - Kindergarten reading series

First and Second Grade

Four Block Model


Instruction in Making Words
  • Phonemic awareness necessary for success
  • Guided phonics instruction in letter-sound relationships
  • Use of familiar word families to form high frequency words (e.g at, hat, scat, scratch)
  • Transfer of important phonetic understandings to spelling development
Use of a Word Wall
  • Display of high frequency words on bulletin boards or walls
  • Children are expected to read & spell words correctly at their developmentally appropriate level

Guided Reading

Guided Instruction
  • Reading skills and strategies
  • Decoding words in context
  • Comprehending and using story grammar
  • Listening comprehension
  • Storytelling
Materials Used
  • Use of publishers’ materials - Harcourt ‘Trophies’ (2003) Anthology and accompanying resources
  • Big books
  • Trade books (fiction/nonfiction)
  • Poetry
  • Classroom or student created texts


Process Writing Approach
  • Prewriting activities
  • First draft
  • Beginning revision
  • Editing
  • Final draft
  • ‘Publication’ of selected pieces

Third, Fourth and Fifth Grade



Students will:
  • Read, write, speak and listen for comprehension and enjoyment
  • Develop effective comprehension and decoding strategies
  • Use oral and written language to develop topics, problems, questions and themes
  • Read selections appropriate to individual needs/interests
  • Develop effective strategies as writers
    Incorporate study skills and strategies

Written Language - Reading:

  • Use context and graphophonic clues to gain meaning
  • Develop oral fluency and expression
  • Enhance comprehension development
  • Generalize and draw inferences and conclusions
  • Apply study skills to daily work
    Identify and interpret various types of literature
  • Apply reading strategies to narrative and expository text
    Incorporate study skills and strategies

Written Language - Writing

  • Use proper grammar and mechanics in written work
  • Write for a variety of purposes and audiences
  • Use a variety of sources for information
  • Enlarge writing vocabulary
  • Begin to use notetaking and outlining skills
  • Develop the ability to organize information into paragraphs and short reports
  • Use paraphrasing

Written Language - Speaking:

  • Express thoughts clearly and succinctly
  • Demonstrate a sense of responsibility for participation in discussion and conversation
  • Maintain discussions toward given subject
  • Respect questions, comments and suggestions from others
  • Apply reporting skills

Written Language - Listening:

  • Follow oral directions
  • Listen attentively to gain information
  • Determine the purpose for listening

Materials Used:

  • Harcourt ‘Trophies’ (2003) reading anthology
  • Tradebooks
  • Nonfiction
  • Reference selections/grammar
  • Computer technology

Assessment Tools Used:

  • Harcourt ‘Trophies’ (2003) Assessment
  • Lexile Assessment Framework
  • District Reading Comprehension Test
  • Teacher Observation
  • Classroom Assessment
  • Six Trait Writing Analysis
  • Standardarized Testing:
    • Wisconsin Reading Comprehension Test (WRCT)
    • Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Test (WKCE)